Remembering Bhagat Singh and The Infinite Circle of Blood, Lahore

There is one story about Lahore that is close to my heart and that is the story of Bhagat Singh, that great freedom fighter of Lahore and of this subcontinent, no amount of sectarian hatred can erase the memory of a man who walked tall in the streets of Lahore, and who was hanged in central jail Lahore.

There was a strange story we had heard about Bhagat Singh when we were small children. It was said his ghost roamed around in the Shah Jamal area and near the shrine of of Baba Shah Jamal. Many even claim having seen an image of the saint talking to Bhagat Singh promising him revenge for the great injustice that had been done to him. I had heard of the story from my cook, who used to visit the shrine of Shah Jamal. My father was a story teller par excellence. He never admitted that this was true no matter how hard I pestered him. He always left the door of doubt open with a “maybe it’s true, maybe not; you will have to wait for the truth to come one day.” And the truth did come out one day.

Not many people know that the area we know as Shadman and Shah Jamal was once known as Lehna Singh di Chowni, or the military cantonment of Lehna Singh. This was the place where Sardar Lehna Singh, one of the three chieftains who ruled Lahore just before Maharaja Ranjit Singh, forged the Punjab Empire to contain the spread of the British across the Sutlej. In the middle of this cantonment was a huge house, just about where today exists the second round about nearest the shrine of Baba Shah Jamal, the Sufi saint who lies buried just 200 yards from this point, and the reason the area is so called.

The league of Khans of Kasur, who were in League with the British to topple the Lahore Darbar, sent an envoy to negotiate with the Sikh chief to conspire the murder of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. During the discussions things went wrong and the head of the envoy was chopped off and sent to Kasur. The treachery of the Pathan rulers of Kasur had met its match. It is said that a seer had then predicted that the ghost of the envoy would seek revenge at this very place, and the circle of revenge would not be completed with one killing alone. Chilling stuff, but then subsequent events were to prove that this prediction was true, and many say the circle of treachery still lives on.

The rule of the Sikhs gave way to the British, and the rulers of Kasur played their treacherous part all along. They had before them, through their mullahs, pestered the Sufi Saint Bulleh Shah, and had paid a heavy price for their bigotry. The  house and cantonment of Lehna Singh was knocked down and in its place was built the largest jail in the Punjab, where long-term inmates, or death row servers, were imprisoned. At the place where the house of Lehna Singh was built came up the gallows, and here many a criminal and freedom fighter was hanged. The place of death continued to serve its purpose.

In 1928, the struggle to free our land from British rule was picking up, and during a procession in Lahore , just opposite the Lahore Museum, a well-known freedom  fighter  Lala Lajpat Rai was hit on the head during a police lathi-charge, resulting in his death. This sent a wave of anger all over the subcontinent and a young 21- year old revolutionary by the name of Bhagat Singh took it upon himself to seek revenge. On November 17, 1928, he positioned himself on the first floor window of the new hostel of Government College, and from there fired on what he thought was Mr Scott, a police official. Instead, he had shot dead the Assistant Superintendent of Police, Lahore, Mr Saunders. Bhagat Singh ran away to Calcutta, and then returned to Agra, where he allegedly set up a bomb-making concern. He was arrested while throwing bombs on the legislative Assembly that was passing the draconian Trade Disputes Bill. One account states that he gave himself up shouting that the British could never kill him, and that he was consigned to history and his blodd would flow redder if he was killed.

Bhagat Singh was tried and sentenced to hang on Octuber 7, 1930. The british feared this young man so much that not a single magistrate could be found in the whole of india to sign his death warrants. In the end, they turned to Kasur, where loyal magistrate by the name of Nawab Muhammad Ahmad Khan later to be known as Kasuri, agreed to sign the necessary papers and supervise the hanging. Fearless and shouting slogans for the freedom of the subcontinent, the Ravian Bhagat Singh (one account says he was student of the National College) was hanged on March 23, 1931, in the Lahore Central Jail at the place where once was the residence of Lehna Singh, where a relative of Nawab Muhammad Ahmad Khan Kasuri was killed for betraying the cause of the Punjab. Old timers say that all over the land not a single hearth fire burned that day.

Then comes an even stranger twist to this tale of blood. In 1975, in a now well-known assassination attempt on the son of Nawab Muhhamad Ahmad Khan Kasuri, the old magistrate who had ordered the hanging of Bhagat Singh was himself shot dead at the very place where Lenha Singh’s men beheaded a traitor from Kasur, where Bhagat Singh was hanged by the old magistrate. Revenge had come full circle and at the very same place. For that murder the famous Pakistani Prime Minister Z.A.Bhutto was to hand, keeping the circle of blood flowing. Where will it all end, we so not know…..maybe some seer will appear and tell us.

Source: Lahore, Tales without end by Majid Sheikh

To know more about Lenha Singh:

To know more about Nawab Muhammad Ahmed Khan Kasuri:

To know more about the Z.A.Bhutto assassination and relation to this story:



Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s